CuteEssay - Free Custom Essay Sample - Ethical aspects of AIDS

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This is a free essay sample about ethical aspects of people infected with HIV or those who have AIDS. This essay briefly describes AIDS and HIV including transmission and prevention of them. There is a short ethical case about HIV infected employee discussed.


Ethical aspects of AIDS

 

AIDS or Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome spreads through the planet. Scientists make their best efforts to stop it but still all the attempts gave no significant results. People also call AIDS as the plague of the 20th century (and probably 21st century also) because it claimed many lives already and there is no panacea or effective medicine was invented yet.

AIDS is a result of Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) which completely depletes the immune system and organism can not resist diseases any more. So organism with AIDS can die from a slight infection or disease like grippe or ordinary cold.

 

Millions of people suffer from AIDS but their friends, relatives or colleagues do not even suspect about that and nothing happens to them. What makes people concealing this fact – is that many people do not know a lot about HIV and AIDS, and about their transmission ways. So not well-informed people scorn contacts with infected people, treat them disrespectfully and sometimes in a very offensive way; others are just frightened of contacting with such people; employers can refuse them in employment etc. So people with AIDS feel oppression everywhere and this makes them suffer even more. Indeed such people are usual – they are not worse than anyone else in the whole world. In order to not replenish the rows of ignorant people everybody should now the ways of transmission and prevention of AIDS. The major transmission way of HIV is sexual – sex without certain contraceptives. HIV can also be transmitted through blood and spittle, and from mothers to children. So in order to elude contamination it is necessary and sufficient to make sexual contacts secured with condoms, avoid casual sex and be careful with infected people.

An important aspect of AIDS and HIV is an ethical one. How to treat infected people, how to get to know that somebody is infected and should we know about this? The line of questions is infinite and all of them are worth consideration. Let’s imagine a situation when employees of a company suddenly and accidentally get to know that on of them is infected but kept it back for many years. The staff divided into two camps: the first one decided to support this employee on account of their understanding of the situation and compassion; the second one perceived this fact with hostility and decided to behave in an emphatic manner because they consider working with HIV infected is risky and unpleasantly. The initiator of the split is embarrassed and disappointed from all this. Such situation is a common in large companies and must be resolved adequately. But that is a problem – all employees hold a correct position. First group attempted to understand the position of infected employee because it is not easy indeed to make a confession to the collective about such a disease. This employee faces a strong dilemma: to confess or to not. In both cases the reaction of others will be diverse including negative and positive. But in the case of confession more people will understand and become a part of the first group because then the risk of infection will be minimized. It means that employees will take all corresponding preventive measures in advance which are quite effective in contrast to liquidation measures when somebody is already infected. Thus even people with negative reaction will not have any reasons for behaving in an offensive way then. The opposite case (there was no confession but was a revelation) attracts more people to the second group because all they have to pass tests on HIV and wait for results trembling at the thought of possible infection. In addition people can suspect infected employee in a deliberate concealment with the purpose of contamination of others.

Apparently, people infected by HIV have certain reasons for concealing this fact from others and this is their right. This ethical problem can be partially solved or reduced to minimum if companies consider it in their codes of ethics by providing a separate point concerning HIV. For example if all employees are aware of HIV’s transmission and prevention they could easily contact with infected people. This will motivate people not to conceal the fact of infection and make them understand that the collective has a positive attitude towards HIV infected. Moreover those who will have negative attitude will not have any motives to such attitude because they could limit contacts with infected people – and this is their inalienable right.

 

Concluding all the points of this paper I would like to repeat that HIV is an incurable infection which can be only prevented by observing certain measures. AIDS claims many lives but it is a not a cause to treat infected people in offensive way. These people have the same rights as others do but it will be morally and ethically right from their point to make everything to prevent the continuous HIV transmission and other people will appreciate this a lot. For those who are not infected it would be right to know more about HIV and AIDS, including the fact that HIV can not be transmitted through a handshake or a phone call, in order not to supplement the rows of uneducated people which blame HIV infected in all unpardonable and venial sins on the Earth.

 

Statistics:
pages: 3
words: 883

 

 
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